Wheat germ agglutinin dimers bind sialyloligosaccharides at four sites in solution: proton nuclear magnetic resonance temperature studies at 360 MHz

Biochemistry. 1985 Feb 12;24(4):826-33. doi: 10.1021/bi00325a003.


Equilibrium binding studies have been performed over a range of temperatures from 25.4 to 47.3 degrees C between wheat germ agglutinin isolectin I (WGA I) and the alpha 2-3 isomer of (N-acetylneuraminyl)lactose (NeuNAc alpha 2-3Gal beta 1-4G1c). Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 360 MHz has been used to monitor titrations in this system under conditions where the fraction of total ligand which is bound is small, yet the fractional occupation of sites covers a wide range. Several of the ligand resonances, including the N-acetyl methyl and the axial and equatorial hydrogens at carbon 3 of the NeuNAc residue, are shifted and broadened in the presence of WGA due to chemical exchange between the free and bound environments. The lifetime broadening of the N-acetyl resonance at room temperature of a series of related sialyloligosaccharides has been previously used by us to measure binding affinities to two WGA isolectins [Kronis, K.A., & Carver, J.P. (1982) Biochemistry 21, 3050-3057]. In this paper we report the temperature dependence of the apparent bound shifts and the apparent bound line widths of the N-acetyl, H3a, and H3e peaks. The true bound shifts for the three resonances have been obtained from these data by using the equations derived by Swift and Connick [Swift, T.J., & Connick, R.E. (1962) J. Chem. Phys. 37, 307-320]. The total bound shifts, per monomer, were found to be -1.98, -4.0, and -0.8 ppm for the N-acetyl, the H3a, and the H3e resonances, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • Lectins*
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods
  • Oligosaccharides*
  • Protein Binding
  • Solutions
  • Temperature
  • Thermodynamics
  • Wheat Germ Agglutinins


  • Lectins
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Solutions
  • Wheat Germ Agglutinins
  • sialooligosaccharides