Diffuse Pneumonitis after Lutetium-177-PSMA-617 Treatment in a Patient with Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

BMJ Case Rep. 2024 Feb 23;17(2):e257772. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2023-257772.


We present the case of a patient with heavily pretreated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who received lutetium Lu-177 vipivotide tetraxetan (also known as 177Lu-PSMA-617) due to progressive disease despite chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and radiation, including palliative mediastinal and central nervous system radiation. He was subsequently hospitalised for worsening acute onset dyspnoea despite clinically responding to therapy. Interval imaging revealed progressive multifocal ground-glass opacities superimposed on a background of underlying peribronchovascular fibrosis. Further workup, including an extensive workup to identify a possible infectious aetiology, ruled out most aetiologies leaving radiation pneumonitis (RP), radiation recall pneumonitis (RRP) and drug-induced pneumonitis as possible diagnoses secondary to 177Lu -PSMA-617. The associated imaging findings of ground-glass opacities and consolidation can be like other aetiologies such as acute infection and subsequently may be treated incorrectly. In the use of theragnostics like 177Lu -PSMA-617, it is fundamental to apply the practices of radioprotection learnt from radiotherapy, as well as to consider prior radiotherapy treatments and their possible side effects when used in conjunction.

Keywords: drug interactions; prostate cancer; radiotherapy; safety.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Dipeptides*
  • Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring*
  • Humans
  • Lutetium / adverse effects
  • Male
  • Pneumonia* / drug therapy
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen
  • Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant* / drug therapy
  • Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant* / pathology
  • Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant* / radiotherapy
  • Radioisotopes*
  • Radiopharmaceuticals / adverse effects
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Lutetium-177
  • PSMA-617
  • Lutetium
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Dipeptides
  • Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring
  • Radioisotopes