Clinical success of anti-infective combination therapy compare to monotherapy in patients with carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection: a 10-years retrospective study

BMC Infect Dis. 2024 Feb 23;24(1):248. doi: 10.1186/s12879-024-09060-2.


Background: Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) infection has become a major public health concern. The recommendations for monotherapy and combination therapy in the current guidelines lack sufficient evidence to support them. The primary objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness of anti-Infective combination therapy compared to monotherapy in achieving clinical success in patients with CRPA infection and risk factors of clinical failure of monotherapy.

Methods: A retrospective study from Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care IV (MIMIC-IV) was conducted. We included adults with infections caused by CRPA. The outcomes of this study were clinical success, complete clinical success, and 28-day all-cause mortality.

Results: A total of 279 subjects were finally enrolled. The rate of clinical success for combination therapy was higher than that for monotherapy (73.1% versus 60.4%, p=0.028). Compared to clinical failure patients, patients in the clinical success group were more likely to die within 28 days after CRPA was found (48.3% versus 3.6%, p<0.001). In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, monotherapy was found to be significantly correlated with clinical success (OR, 0.559, 95% CI, 0.321-0.976; p = 0.041).

Conclusion: Combination therapy is more effective for CRPA infection patients, especially those whose SOFA score is ≥ 2 or whose Charlson comorbidity index is ≥ 6.

Keywords: Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Combination therapy; Effectiveness; Monotherapy.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents* / therapeutic use
  • Carbapenems / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Pseudomonas Infections* / drug therapy
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Retrospective Studies


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Carbapenems