Chromosomal localization of a unique gene by non-autoradiographic in situ hybridization

Nature. 1985 Sep;317(6033):175-7. doi: 10.1038/317175a0.


During the past few years, several methods have been developed for the detection of specific nucleic acid sequences by in situ hybridization using non-radioactive labels such as fluorochromes, cytochemically detectable enzymes and electron-dense markers. These methods are preferable to autoradiography in terms of speed of performance and topological resolution. Their limited sensitivity, however, has so far restricted their use to the detection of repeated sequences. Here we report single gene detection with a procedure using 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF)-modified probes, immunoperoxidase cytochemistry and reflection-contrast microscopy. We confirmed the autoradiographic data on the localization of the human thyroglobulin (Tg) gene to the distal end of the long arm of chromosome 8. A mixture of cosmid cHT2-derived subclones of the 3' part of the Tg gene, 22.3 kilobase pairs (kbp) in total, was used as a hybridization probe. This procedure can be used to map other unique sequences, if genomic clones are available from which clones with an appropriate amount of inserts can be isolated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 2-Acetylaminofluorene
  • Autoradiography
  • Chromosome Mapping*
  • Chromosomes, Human, 6-12 and X
  • Humans
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization*
  • Thyroglobulin / genetics


  • 3-acetylaminofluorene
  • Thyroglobulin
  • 2-Acetylaminofluorene