Generalized pustular psoriasis: A nationwide population-based study using the National Health Data System in France

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2024 Jun;38(6):1131-1139. doi: 10.1111/jdv.19901. Epub 2024 Feb 25.


Background: GPP is a rare, chronic, neutrophilic skin disease, with limited real-world data characterizing patients with flares and the impact of flares on disease progression and morbidity.

Objective: Describe the clinical characteristics of patients with GPP, comorbidities, disease epidemiology and frequency and severity of flares, and compare patients with GPP with a matched severe psoriasis population.

Methods: In this population-based real-world cohort study an algorithm was developed to identify patients with GPP flares. Three cohorts were identified using the Système National des Données de Santé (SNDS) database covering almost the entire French population; a prevalent cohort (2010-2018), an incident cohort (2012-2015). A severe psoriasis cohort was compared with the GPP incident cohort using propensity score matching.

Results: The prevalent and incident cohorts comprised 4195 and 1842 patients, respectively. In both cohorts, mean age was 58 years; 53% were male. Comorbidities were significantly more common in the incident cohort versus matched psoriasis cohort, respectively, including hypertension (44% vs. 26%), ischaemic heart disease (26% vs. 18%) and hyperlipidaemia (25% vs. 15%). In the incident cohort, the flare rate was 0.1 flares/person-year and 0.4 flares/person-year among the 569 out of 1842 patients hospitalized with flares. These patients had a mean (±SD) stay of 11.6 ± 10.4 days; 25% were admitted to the intensive care unit. In 2017, the cumulative incidence and cumulative GPP age-sex standardized prevalence were 7.1 and 45.2 per million, respectively.

Conclusions: Patients with GPP had a distinct comorbidity profile compared to patients with severe psoriasis, and GPP flares were associated with long hospitalizations.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies
  • Comorbidity
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • France / epidemiology
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Psoriasis* / epidemiology
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Young Adult

Grants and funding