Selenomethionine in gelatin methacryloyl hydrogels: Modulating ferroptosis to attenuate skin aging

Bioact Mater. 2024 Feb 21:35:495-516. doi: 10.1016/j.bioactmat.2024.02.013. eCollection 2024 May.


During skin aging, the degeneration of epidermal stem cells (EpiSCs) leads to diminished wound healing capabilities and epidermal disintegration. This study tackles this issue through a comprehensive analysis combining transcriptomics and untargeted metabolomics, revealing age-dependent alterations in the Gpx gene family and arachidonic acid (AA) metabolic networks, resulting in enhanced ferroptosis. Selenomethionine (Se-Met) could enhance GPX4 expression, thereby assisting EpiSCs in countering AA-induced mitochondrial damage and ferroptosis. Additionally, Se-Met demonstrates antioxidative characteristics and extensive ultraviolet absorption. For the sustained and controllable release of Se-Met, it was covalently grafted to UV-responsive GelMA hydrogels via AC-PEG-NHS tethers. The Se-Met@GelMA hydrogel effectively accelerated wound healing in a chronological aging mice model, by inhibiting lipid peroxidation and ferroptosis with augmented GPX4 expression. Moreover, in a photoaging model, this hydrogel significantly mitigated inflammatory responses, extracellular matrix remodeling, and ferroptosis in UV-exposed mice. These characteristics render Se-Met@GelMA hydrogel valuable in practical clinical applications.

Keywords: Chronic wounds; Ferroptosis; Hydrogels; Photoaging.