AI-based methodologies for exoskeleton-assisted rehabilitation of the lower limb: a review

Front Robot AI. 2024 Feb 9:11:1341580. doi: 10.3389/frobt.2024.1341580. eCollection 2024.


Over the past few years, there has been a noticeable surge in efforts to design novel tools and approaches that incorporate Artificial Intelligence (AI) into rehabilitation of persons with lower-limb impairments, using robotic exoskeletons. The potential benefits include the ability to implement personalized rehabilitation therapies by leveraging AI for robot control and data analysis, facilitating personalized feedback and guidance. Despite this, there is a current lack of literature review specifically focusing on AI applications in lower-limb rehabilitative robotics. To address this gap, our work aims at performing a review of 37 peer-reviewed papers. This review categorizes selected papers based on robotic application scenarios or AI methodologies. Additionally, it uniquely contributes by providing a detailed summary of input features, AI model performance, enrolled populations, exoskeletal systems used in the validation process, and specific tasks for each paper. The innovative aspect lies in offering a clear understanding of the suitability of different algorithms for specific tasks, intending to guide future developments and support informed decision-making in the realm of lower-limb exoskeleton and AI applications.

Keywords: artificial intelligence reinforcement learning; decision tree; lower extremeties; neural network; support vector machine.

Publication types

  • Review

Grants and funding

The author(s) declare financial support was received for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. This work was supported by the Italian Ministry of Research, under the complementary actions to the NRRP “Fit4MedRob—Fit for Medical Robotics” Grant (PNC0000007), CUP: B53C22006990001.