Management of chronic pancreatitis

BMJ. 2024 Feb 26:384:e070920. doi: 10.1136/bmj-2023-070920.


Chronic pancreatitis results from repeated episodes of pancreatic inflammation and associated fibrosis leading to the loss of functional exocrine and endocrine pancreatic function. The disease is manifested by abdominal pain, deterioration in quality of life, food maldigestion and malabsorption, diabetes, and an increased risk for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. This review summarizes the latest evidence on the diagnosis and management of chronic pancreatitis and its manifestations. In particular, this review discusses advances in understanding of the role of genetic disorders in the mechanisms of the disease and surgical options for patients refractory to medical therapy. Furthermore, clinical trials are under way to develop medical therapeutics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma*
  • Humans
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms* / therapy
  • Pancreatitis, Chronic* / diagnosis
  • Pancreatitis, Chronic* / etiology
  • Pancreatitis, Chronic* / therapy
  • Quality of Life