Orthopedic Hardware Type Impacts Case Complexity in Conversion Total Hip Arthroplasty Surgery

Arthroplast Today. 2024 Feb 20:26:101317. doi: 10.1016/j.artd.2024.101317. eCollection 2024 Apr.


Background: Conversion total hip arthroplasty (THA) includes a variety of operations and prior implants. The implant present before conversion may influence the outcome and complexity of the procedure. The group hypothesized that conversion arthroplasty for patients with intramedullary nails (IMNs) is more complex from a surgical and resource utilization perspective than for those with screw fixation.

Methods: THA conversion cases were reviewed retrospectively from 2012 to 2020 from 6 surgeons across 3 institutions. The included cohort had 106 patients with fixation in the proximal femur for prior traumatic events. Demographics, operative data, outcomes, and implant information were collected from the medical record. The conversion THA group was categorized by preoperative fixation type: closed reduction and percutaneous pinning/screw fixation (CRPP) or IMN.

Results: No age or body mass index differences were observed between the cohorts. Prior to conversion THA, IMN patients had undergone more surgeries than CRPP (P < .05). Perioperatively, the IMN cohort sustained increased blood loss (P < .001), had longer surgeries (P < .0001), had longer length of hospital stays (P < .01), necessitated trochanteric plates more often (P < .05), were readmitted more (P < .05), and required additional follow-up surgery (P < .01) than the CRPP cohort.

Conclusions: Conversion THA of a prior IMN implant is associated with worse perioperative outcomes than conversion of a CRPP construct. Surgeons, health systems, and payors should consider these differences when caring for these distinct groups of patients.

Keywords: Arthroplasty; Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning; Conversion THA; Intramedullary nails; Posttraumatic hip osteoarthritis.