Visual and bibliometric analysis of chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps

J Allergy Clin Immunol Glob. 2024 Jan 18;3(2):100211. doi: 10.1016/j.jacig.2024.100211. eCollection 2024 May.


Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by persistent sinonasal inflammation and sinus microbiome dysbiosis. Nasal polyps (NPs) are one of the main manifestations that cause diverse clinical symptoms of CRS.

Objective: We sought to conduct a bibliometric and visual analysis of articles on CRS and NPs published between 2003 and 2022 to provide researchers with the current state of research and potential directions.

Methods: We searched relevant articles from 2003 to 2022 in the Web of Science database. VOSviewer and the Bibliometrix R package were used to perform the bibliometric analysis.

Results: A total of 3907 publications were retrieved. The United States made the highest contributions to global research, followed by China. Northwestern University had the most publications. The most published author was C. Bachert, followed by R. P. Schleimer and R. J. Schlosser. The authors with the most co-citations were C. Bachert, W. J. Fokkens, and P. Gevaert. Moreover, the journal with the most publications was the International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology, and the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology was the most cited. "Covid-19," "biologics," and "type 2 inflammation" were the top current research hotspots.

Conclusions: The United States and Northwestern University were the leading country and institution in researching CRS and NPs. C. Bachert was the most influential expert. The International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology and the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology were leading journals. "Covid-19," "biologics," and "type 2 inflammation" were the trending topics.

Keywords: Bibliometrics; Bibliometrix; VOSviewer; chronic rhinosinusitis; nasal polyps.