Biosynthesis and function of 7-deazaguanine derivatives in bacteria and phages

Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 2024 Mar 27;88(1):e0019923. doi: 10.1128/mmbr.00199-23. Epub 2024 Feb 29.


SUMMARYDeazaguanine modifications play multifaceted roles in the molecular biology of DNA and tRNA, shaping diverse yet essential biological processes, including the nuanced fine-tuning of translation efficiency and the intricate modulation of codon-anticodon interactions. Beyond their roles in translation, deazaguanine modifications contribute to cellular stress resistance, self-nonself discrimination mechanisms, and host evasion defenses, directly modulating the adaptability of living organisms. Deazaguanine moieties extend beyond nucleic acid modifications, manifesting in the structural diversity of biologically active natural products. Their roles in fundamental cellular processes and their presence in biologically active natural products underscore their versatility and pivotal contributions to the intricate web of molecular interactions within living organisms. Here, we discuss the current understanding of the biosynthesis and multifaceted functions of deazaguanines, shedding light on their diverse and dynamic roles in the molecular landscape of life.

Keywords: archaeosine; bacteriophage; genetic code; queuosine; restriction/modification; toyocamycin.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anticodon
  • Bacteria / genetics
  • Bacteriophages*
  • Biological Products*
  • Guanine / analogs & derivatives*
  • RNA, Transfer / chemistry
  • RNA, Transfer / genetics


  • 7-deazaguanine
  • Anticodon
  • RNA, Transfer
  • Biological Products
  • Guanine