Influence of Aging on Outcomes of Sacubitril/Valsartan in Hypertensive Patients with Heart Failure: A Multicenter Retrospective Study

Anatol J Cardiol. 2024 Mar 1;28(4):194-200. doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.3857. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of aging on the effectiveness and tolerance of sacubitril/valsartan (sac/val) among hypertensive patients complicated with heart failure in a real-world setting.

Methods: This multicenter, retrospective study included patients (≥18 years old) admitted with a diagnosis of hypertension and heart failure, starting sac/val therapy between January 2020 and December 2021 from 3 medical centers. Patients were grouped by the cutoff age of 65 years. Outcomes were collected 31-365 days after the initiation of sac/val and were compared in a matched cohort after 1: 1 propensity score matching (PSM).

Results: A total of 794 patients were finally analyzed. Blood pressure and cardiac functions improved significantly compared with values at baseline. There were 269 patients in each cohort (<65 years and ≥65 years) after PSM. After PSM, the incidence of hyperuricemia and hypotension in the elderly patients (≥65 years) was significantly higher than in those <65 years of age. Kaplan-Meier estimate suggested that the cumulative incidence of new or recurrent cardiovascular events increased significantly at the age of ≥65 years after the point of 3 months (log-rank P =.00087).

Conclusion: Sac/val benefited patients in both cohorts by improving blood pressure and cardiac function. Elderly patients (≥65 years) were susceptible to hypotension, low diastolic blood pressure, hyperuricemia, and underwent cardiac-related readmissions more frequently.

Grants and funding

This study was supported by grants from “Clinical comprehensive evaluation and treatment management pathway of sac/val in the real-world of hypertension” (No. SHYXH-ZP-2021-002).