Association between stopping renin-angiotensin system inhibitors immediately before hemodialysis initiation and subsequent cardiovascular events

Hypertens Res. 2024 May;47(5):1372-1379. doi: 10.1038/s41440-024-01616-8. Epub 2024 Mar 4.


It is controversial whether renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASIs) should be stopped in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recently, it was reported that stopping RASIs in advanced CKD was associated with increased mortality and cardiovascular (CV) events; however, it remains unclear whether stopping RASIs before dialysis initiation affects clinical outcomes after dialysis, which this study aimed to evaluate. In this multicenter prospective cohort study in Japan, we included 717 patients (mean age, 67 years; 68% male) who had a nephrology care duration ≥90 days, initiated hemodialysis, and used RASIs 3 months before hemodialysis initiation. The multivariable adjusted Cox models were used to compare mortality and CV event risk between 650 (91%) patients who continued RASIs until hemodialysis initiation and 67 (9.3%) patients who stopped RASIs. During a median follow-up period of 3.5 years, 170 (24%) patients died and 228 (32%) experienced CV events. Compared with continuing RASIs, stopping RASIs was unassociated with mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 0.82; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.50-1.34) but was associated with higher CV events (aHR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.06-2.38). Subgroup analyses showed that the risk of stopping RASIs for CV events was particularly high in patients aged <75 years, with a significant interaction between stopping RASIs and age. This study revealed that patients who stopped RASIs immediately before dialysis initiation were associated with subsequent higher CV events. Active screening for CV disease may be especially beneficial for these patients.

Keywords: advanced chronic kidney disease; cardiovascular event; hemodialysis; renin-angiotensin system inhibitors.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors* / therapeutic use
  • Cardiovascular Diseases* / mortality
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Renal Dialysis*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic* / complications
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic* / therapy
  • Renin-Angiotensin System* / drug effects


  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors