Impact of the Timing of Umbilical Cord Clamping on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Saudi Arabia

Cureus. 2024 Feb 4;16(2):e53536. doi: 10.7759/cureus.53536. eCollection 2024 Feb.


Introduction: The optimal time for umbilical cord clamping after delivery has been under debate for several decades. This study aimed to assess the time-dependent effects of umbilical cord clamping on maternal and neonatal outcomes.

Methods: An observational correlational design was used to recruit 161 pregnant women conveniently. Outcomes were observed and recorded using a structured checklist developed by the authors. Pregnant females aged ≥18 years, with uncomplicated delivery, and who were willing to participate were recruited. Exclusion criteria included stillbirths, newborns with congenital anomalies, newborns too small for their gestational age, intra-uterine growth restriction, nuchal cord, and meconium-stained liquor.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 29.93 ± 6 years. Early clamping (<1 minute) was performed for 93.8% of the participants with a mean of 29.58 ± 18 seconds. Delayed clamping was associated with a decrease in blood loss and the length of hospital stay in addition to an increase in first-minute APGAR score and neonatal temperature (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Delayed cord clamping was associated with improved maternal and neonatal outcomes.

Keywords: birth practices; delayed cord clamping; early cord clamping; maternal outcomes; neonatal outcomes; saudi arabia; timing of cord clamping; umbilical cord clamping.