Influence of Different Glide Path Techniques on Microcrack Formation after Two Different Root Canal Preparation Treatments: Micro Computed Tomography Analysis

Eur Endod J. 2024 Mar;9(2):124-132. doi: 10.14744/eej.2023.20982.

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of WaveOne Glider (WOGG) with Waveone Gold (WOG) primary reciprocation systems on root dentine microcrack formation and to know the effect of TruNatomy Glider (TRNG) with TruNatomy (TRN) prime rotary systems on root dentine microcrack formation.

Methods: In this study, 40 extracted mandibular first molar roots were selected and divided randomly into four groups (n=10). Group MWOG: a manual glide path was performed + WOG primary. Group MTRN: manual glide path performed+TRN prime. Additionally, group WOGG: glide path preparation with WOGG+WOG primary. Finally, for group TRNG, the glide path preparation was performed with TRNG+TRN prime. Micro-CT was used for pre and post-instrumentation image analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using the Kruskal- Wallis test (p<0.05) with Two-way ANOVA.

Results: The Kruskal-Wallis test showed no significant differences among all groups in all thirds for pre and post-instrumentation regarding the crack formation. The Two-way ANOVA showed no significant difference or interaction between the ways of glide path preparation, whether manual or reciprocal WOGG, or between the rotary TRNG and the motion used in root canal preparation (rotary TRN or reciprocal WOG) regarding the crack formation and propagation.

Conclusion: Microcrack formation and propagation occurred independently of using different glide path techniques (manual, rotary, or reciprocal).

MeSH terms

  • Dental Pulp Cavity* / diagnostic imaging
  • Gold
  • Molar / diagnostic imaging
  • Root Canal Preparation*
  • X-Ray Microtomography

Substances

  • Gold