Addressing Housing Issues Among People With Kidney Disease: Importance, Challenges, and Recommendations

Am J Kidney Dis. 2024 Jul;84(1):111-119. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2024.01.521. Epub 2024 Mar 6.


Kidney disease disproportionately impacts people with low socioeconomic status, and low socioeconomic status is associated with worse outcomes for people with kidney disease. Unstable housing, which includes housing insecurity and homelessness, is increasing due to rising housing costs. There is mounting evidence that unstable housing and other health-related social needs are partially driving worse outcomes for people with low socioeconomic status. In this perspective, we consider the challenges to addressing housing for people with kidney disease, such as difficulty with identification of those with unstable housing, strict eligibility criteria for housing support, inadequate supply of affordable housing, and flaws in communities' prioritization of affordable housing. We discuss ways to tailor management for people experiencing unstable housing with kidney disease, and the importance of addressing safety, trauma, and emotional concerns as a part of care. We identify opportunities for the nephrology community to surmount challenges through increased screening, investment in workforce dedicated to community resource navigation, advocacy for investment in affordable housing, restructuring of communities' prioritization of affordable housing, and conducting needed research. Identifying and addressing housing needs among people with kidney disease is critical to eliminating kidney health disparities.

Keywords: Chronic kidney disease; dialysis; low socioeconomic status; unstable housing.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Housing*
  • Humans
  • Ill-Housed Persons
  • Kidney Diseases / therapy