Hospital-Level Care at Home for Patients with Cirrhosis

Dig Dis Sci. 2024 May;69(5):1669-1673. doi: 10.1007/s10620-024-08361-5. Epub 2024 Mar 11.


Background: Patients with cirrhosis have a 30-day readmission rate of over 30%. Novel care delivery models are needed to reduce healthcare costs and utilization associated with cirrhosis care. One such model is Home Hospital (HH), which provides inpatient-level care at home. Limited evidence currently exists supporting HH for cirrhosis patients.

Aims: The aims of this study were to characterize patients with cirrhosis who received hospital-level care at home in a two-site clinical trial and to describe the care they received. Secondary aims included describing their outcomes, including adverse events, readmissions and mortality.

Methods: We identified all patients with cirrhosis who enrolled in HH as part of a two-site clinical trial between 2017 and 2022. HH services include daily clinician visits, intravenous and oral medications, continuous vital sign monitoring, and telehealth specialist consultation. We collected sociodemographic data and analyzed HH stays, including interventions, outcomes, adverse events, and follow-up.

Results: 22 patients with cirrhosis (45% Hispanic; 50% limited English proficiency, median MELD-Na 12) enrolled in HH during the study period. Interventions included lab chemistries (82%), intravenous medications (77%), specialist consultation (23%), and advanced diagnostics/procedures (23%). The median length of stay was 7 days (IQR 4-12); 186 bed-days were saved. Two patients (9%) experienced adverse events (AKI). No patients required escalation of care; 9% were readmitted within 30 days.

Conclusions: In this two-site study, HH was feasible for patients with cirrhosis, holding promise as a hepatology delivery model. Future randomized trials are needed to further evaluate the efficacy of HH for patients with cirrhosis.

Keywords: Decompensated cirrhosis; Healthcare costs; Hospital at home; Readmissions.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Female
  • Home Care Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Home Care Services, Hospital-Based
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis* / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Readmission / statistics & numerical data