On Multiscaling of Parkinsonian Rest Tremor Signals and Their Classification

Adv Neurobiol. 2024:36:571-583. doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-47606-8_30.


Self-similar stochastic processes and broad probability distributions are ubiquitous in nature and in many man-made systems. The brain is a particularly interesting example of (natural) complex system where those features play a pivotal role. In fact, the controversial yet experimentally validated "criticality hypothesis" explaining the functioning of the brain implies the presence of scaling laws for correlations. Recently, we have analyzed a collection of rest tremor velocity signals recorded from patients affected by Parkinson's disease, with the aim of determining and hence exploiting the presence of scaling laws. Our results show that multiple scaling laws are required in order to describe the dynamics of such signals, stressing the complexity of the underlying generating mechanism. We successively extracted numeric features by using the multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis procedure. We found that such features can be effective for discriminating classes of signals recorded in different experimental conditions. Notably, we show that the use of medication (L-DOPA) can be recognized with high accuracy.

Keywords: Classification; Deep brain stimulation; Fluctuation analysis; Parkinsonian rest tremors; Scaling.

MeSH terms

  • Brain
  • Humans
  • Levodopa / therapeutic use
  • Parkinson Disease*
  • Tremor*


  • Levodopa