A road map for the management of a pregnancy complicated by maternal bladder exstrophy

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2024 Mar 12;24(1):195. doi: 10.1186/s12884-024-06316-2.


Bladder exstrophy (BE) is a congenital genito-urinary malformation where there is a defect in the abdominal wall resulting in a protruding open bladder with exposed mucosa (Resnik R.P. et al. Creasy and Resnik's maternal-fetal medicine: principles and practice. Elsevier, 2019). Several reconstructive procedures are required to correct the anomalies, resulting in an ileal conduit which is an alternate urinary reservoir reconstructed from the terminal ileum (Madersbacher S, et al. J Urol 169(3):985-90, 2003). We describe the care of a pregnant woman with BE and outline the principles of management of her pregnancy with a multidisciplinary team. Timely pre-operative planning is advised to minimise intraoperative complications in the event of a caesarean section. The woman went on to have an uncomplicated classical caesarean section at term by midline laparotomy with a good outcome for both mother and baby.

Keywords: Bladder exstrophy; Caesarean section; Preterm birth.

MeSH terms

  • Bladder Exstrophy* / complications
  • Bladder Exstrophy* / surgery
  • Cesarean Section / adverse effects
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications* / etiology
  • Urinary Bladder