Tonsillar Kaposi's Sarcoma in HIV Positive Patient with Syphilis Infection

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol. 2024 Mar;36(2):437-441. doi: 10.22038/IJORL.2024.72743.3463.


Introduction: Since the introduction of Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART), there has been a significant increase in the survival of HIV-infected patients. Consequently, there has been increased attention on the potential neoplastic pathologies, such as Kaposi's sarcoma, associated with AIDS in these individuals.

Case report: In this case report we present, for the first time, a patient affected by Kaposi's sarcoma of the palatine tonsil with a concomitant syphilis infection. The patient underwent enlarged tonsillectomy and continued antiretroviral therapy. There were no signs of disease recurrence at a 12-month follow-up.

Conclusions: Despite the rarity of tonsillar localization of Kaposi's sarcoma, it should be suspected in the presence of an HIV-infected patient. Tonsillectomy effectively controls local disease, but comprehensive patient management requires a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, including infectious disease specialists, pathologists, and oncologists who work together to provide high-quality and coordinated care.

Keywords: HIV; Kaposi’s sarcoma; Syphilis; Tonsillar tumor.

Publication types

  • Case Reports