Effect of outer membrane vesicles of Lactobacillus pentosus on Tau phosphorylation and CDK5-Calpain pathway in mice

Exp Gerontol. 2024 May:189:112400. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2024.112400. Epub 2024 Mar 15.


Alzheimer's disease (AD) stands as a neurodegenerative disorder causing cognitive decline, posing a significant health concern for the elderly population in China. This study explored the effects of outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) from the gut microbiota of AD patients on learning and memory abilities and Tau protein phosphorylation in mice. In contrast to the OMVs from healthy controls and the PBS treatment group, mice treated with AD-OMVs exhibited notable declines in learning and memory capabilities, as evidenced by results from the Morris water maze, Y-maze, and novel object recognition tests. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot assessments unveiled elevated levels of hyperphosphorylated Tau in the cortex and hippocampus of mice treated with AD-OMVs. However, there were no alterations observed in the total Tau levels. In addition, AD-OMVs treated mice showed increased neuroinflammation indicated by elevated astrocytes and microglia. Molecular mechanism studies demonstrated that AD-OMVs could activate GSK3β, CDK5-Calpain and NF-κB pathways in mice hippocampus. These studies suggest AD patient gut microbiota derived OMVs can promote host Tau phosphorylation and improved neuroinflammation.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; CDK5-Calpain pathway; Neuroinflammation; Outer membrane vesicles; Tau protein.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Alzheimer Disease* / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Calpain / metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Hippocampus / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lactobacillus pentosus* / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Neuroinflammatory Diseases
  • Phosphorylation
  • tau Proteins / metabolism


  • tau Proteins
  • Calpain