Multiplexed Immunofluorescence and Single-Molecule RNA Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization in Mouse Skeletal Myofibers

Methods Mol Biol. 2024:2784:163-176. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-3766-1_11.


RNA fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a powerful method to determine the abundance and localization of mRNA molecules in cells. While modern RNA FISH techniques allow quantification at single molecule resolution, most methods are optimized for mammalian cell culture and are not easily applied to in vivo tissue settings. Single-molecule RNA detection in skeletal muscle cells has been particularly challenging due to the thickness and high autofluorescence of adult muscle tissue and a lack of in vitro models for mature muscle cells (myofibers). Here, we present a method for isolation of adult myofibers from mouse skeletal muscle and detection of single mRNA molecules and proteins using multiplexed RNA FISH and immunofluorescence.

Keywords: Fluorescence imaging; Myofiber; RNA; RNA FISH; RNA localization; Sarcomere; Skeletal muscle.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods
  • Mammals
  • Mice
  • Muscle Fibers, Skeletal* / metabolism
  • Muscle, Skeletal
  • RNA* / genetics
  • RNA* / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism


  • RNA
  • RNA, Messenger