Is ultrasound guidance necessary to avoid complications in the implantation of venous access ports?

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2024 Mar;30(3):210-215. doi: 10.14744/tjtes.2024.58665.


Background: The aim of this study was to present demographic information of patients undergoing totally implantable venous access port (TIVAP) implantation and to investigate the rates of early and late complications, assessing the benefits of performing the procedure underUS guidance.

Methods: From May 2018 to December 2023, the outcomes of a total of 537 TIVAP implantation procedures were analyzed retrospectively. Data of the surgeons' experiences for both puncture methods (anatomical landmarks and ultrasound guidance) are presented in the study.

Results: The average age of the patients was 53.1±11.9 years, and 261 (48.6%) were female. The right subclavian vein was the preferred insertion site. Fourteen patients developed early complications and 11 developed late complications. Arterial puncture was the most common early complication, while catheter-related infection was the most common late complication. The age, sex, and body mass index of the patients were not independent risk factors for developing complications. Early complications increased as the number of puncture attempts did (p=0.034) and developed significantly less when ultrasound guidance was used during insertion (p=0.011).

Conclusion: The risk of developing complications was not affected by patient's age or sex. In addition, body mass index was not shown to be an independent risk factor for patients developing complications. It may be concluded from the study that early complications in particular can be reduced with ultrasound-guided implantation.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Catheterization, Central Venous* / adverse effects
  • Catheterization, Central Venous* / methods
  • Central Venous Catheters*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Subclavian Vein / diagnostic imaging
  • Ultrasonography