Technology-enabled great leap in deciphering plant genomes

Nat Plants. 2024 Apr;10(4):551-566. doi: 10.1038/s41477-024-01655-6. Epub 2024 Mar 20.


Plant genomes provide essential and vital basic resources for studying many aspects of plant biology and applications (for example, breeding). From 2000 to 2020, 1,144 genomes of 782 plant species were sequenced. In the past three years (2021-2023), 2,373 genomes of 1,031 plant species, including 793 newly sequenced species, have been assembled, representing a great leap. The 2,373 newly assembled genomes, of which 63 are telomere-to-telomere assemblies and 921 have been generated in pan-genome projects, cover the major phylogenetic clades. Substantial advances in read length, throughput, accuracy and cost-effectiveness have notably simplified the achievement of high-quality assemblies. Moreover, the development of multiple software tools using different algorithms offers the opportunity to generate more complete and complex assemblies. A database named N3: plants, genomes, technologies has been developed to accommodate the metadata associated with the 3,517 genomes that have been sequenced from 1,575 plant species since 2000. We also provide an outlook for emerging opportunities in plant genome sequencing.

Publication types

  • Review