Drivers of Geographic Patterns in Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing in the United States

Clin Infect Dis. 2024 Mar 21:ciae111. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciae111. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

In a retrospective, ecological analysis of US medical claims, visit rates explained more of the geographic variation in outpatient antibiotic prescribing rates than per-visit prescribing. Efforts to reduce antibiotic use may benefit from addressing the factors that drive higher rates of outpatient visits, in addition to continued focus on stewardship.

Keywords: antibiotic prescribing; antibiotic use; antimicrobial resistance; medical claims; stewardship.