Undiagnosed Disease Network collaborative approach in diagnosing rare disease in a patient with a mosaic CACNA1D variant

Am J Med Genet A. 2024 Jul;194(7):e63597. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.63597. Epub 2024 Mar 21.


The Undiagnosed Disease Network (UDN) is comprised of clinical and research experts collaborating to diagnose rare disease. The UDN is funded by the National Institutes of Health and includes 12 different clinical sites (About Us, 2022). Here we highlight the success of collaborative efforts within the UDN Clinical Site at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) in utilizing a cohort of experts in bioinformatics, structural biology, and genetics specialists in diagnosing rare disease. Our UDN team identified a de novo mosaic CACNA1D variant c.2299T>C in a 5-year-old female with a history of global developmental delay, dystonia, dyskinesis, and seizures. Using a collaborative multidisciplinary approach, our VUMC UDN team diagnosed the participant with Primary Aldosteronism, Seizures, and Neurologic abnormalities (PASNA) OMIM: 615474 due to a rare mosaic CACNA1D variant (O'Neill, 2013). Interestingly, this patient was mosaic, a phenotypic trait previously unreported in PASNA cases. This report highlights the importance of a multidisciplinary approach in diagnosing rare disease.

Keywords: CACNA1D; Mosaic; Undiagnosed Disease Network.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Calcium Channels, L-Type* / genetics
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mosaicism*
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Phenotype
  • Rare Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Rare Diseases* / genetics
  • Seizures / diagnosis
  • Seizures / genetics
  • Undiagnosed Diseases / diagnosis
  • Undiagnosed Diseases / genetics


  • Calcium Channels, L-Type
  • CACNA1D protein, human