Kisspeptin/KISS1R Signaling Modulates Human Airway Smooth Muscle Cell Migration

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2024 Mar 21. doi: 10.1165/rcmb.2023-0469OC. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Airway remodeling is a cardinal feature of asthma, associated with increased airway smooth muscle cell (ASM) mass and up-regulation of extracellular matrix deposition. Exaggerated ASM cell migration contributes to excessive ASM mass. Previously, we demonstrated the alleviating role of kisspeptin (Kp) receptor (KISS1R) activation by Kp-10 in mitogen (PDGF)-induced human ASM cell proliferation in vitro and airway remodeling in vivo in a mouse model of asthma. Here, we examined the mechanisms by which KISS1R activation regulates mitogen-induced ASM cell migration. KISS1R activation using Kp-10 significantly inhibited PDGF-induced ASM cell migration, further confirmed using KISS1R shRNA. Furthermore, KISS1R activation modulated F/G actin dynamics and the expression of pro-migration proteins like cell division control protein 42 (CDC42) and cofilin. Mechanistically, we observed reduced ASM RhoA-GTPAse with KISS1R activation. The anti-migratory effect of KISS1R was abolished by protein kinase A (PKA)-inhibitory peptide. Conversely, KISS1R activation significantly increased cAMP and phosphorylation of cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) in PDGF-exposed ASM cells. Overall, these results highlight the alleviating properties of Kp-10 in the context of airway remodeling.

Keywords: Airway remodeling, Mitogen, Asthma, Actin dynamics, cAMP-dependent Protein Kinase A..