Visual Field Improvement and Electrode Extrusion Prevention by Extended Endaural Incision With Cavity Obliteration for Cochlear Implantation in Ears After Canal Wall-Down Mastoidectomy: Experience of Four Cases

Cureus. 2024 Feb 20;16(2):e54570. doi: 10.7759/cureus.54570. eCollection 2024 Feb.


There is no global consensus on the surgical technique of cochlear implantation (CI) in ears with an open cavity after canal wall-down (CWD) mastoidectomy. Here, we report CI surgery with an endaural incision for the ears after CWD mastoidectomy. The endaural incision was extended upward to obliterate the open cavity of the temporal fascial flap. The endaural incision was extended downward to close the open cavity inlet. After inserting the implanted electrode, the open cavity was obliterated using a temporal fascial flap, and the cavity was closed at the inlet. We performed this type of CI surgery in four ears in three patients. This extended endaural incision provided an excellent view for pedicling the temporal fascial flap with the superficial temporal artery and for open cavity closure without any serious complications. This technique allowed us to opt for CI surgery of the ears after CWD mastoidectomy.

Keywords: canal wall down mastoidectomy; cochlear implantation; ear surgery; extended endaural incision; surgical techniques.