Molecular editing of NSC-666719 enabling discovery of benzodithiazinedioxide-guanidines as anticancer agents

RSC Med Chem. 2024 Jan 30;15(3):937-962. doi: 10.1039/d3md00648d. eCollection 2024 Mar 20.


DNA polymerase β (Polβ) is crucial for the base excision repair (BER) pathway of DNA damage repair and is an attractive target for suppressing tumorigenesis as well as chemotherapeutic intervention of cancer. In this study, a unique strategy of scaffold-hopping-based molecular editing of a bioactive agent NSC-666719 was investigated, which led to the development of new molecular motifs with Polβ inhibitory activity. NSC compound and its analogs (two series) were prepared, focusing on pharmacophore-based molecular diversity. Most compounds showed higher activities than the parent NSC-666719 and exhibited effects on apoptosis. The inhibitory activity of Polβ was evaluated in both in vitro reconstituted and in vivo intact cell systems. Compound 10e demonstrated significant Polβ interaction and inhibition characteristics, including direct, non-covalent, reversible, and comparable binding affinity. The investigated approach is useful, and the discovered novel analogs have a high potential for developing as anticancer therapeutics.