Deep learning-enabled fast DNA-PAINT imaging in cells

Biophys Rep. 2023 Aug 31;9(4):177-187. doi: 10.52601/bpr.2023.230014.


DNA-based point accumulation in nanoscale topography (DNA-PAINT) is a well-established technique for single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM), enabling resolution of up to a few nanometers. Traditionally, DNA-PAINT involves the utilization of tens of thousands of single-molecule fluorescent images to generate a single super-resolution image. This process can be time-consuming, which makes it unfeasible for many researchers. Here, we propose a simplified DNA-PAINT labeling method and a deep learning-enabled fast DNA-PAINT imaging strategy for subcellular structures, such as microtubules. By employing our method, super-resolution reconstruction can be achieved with only one-tenth of the raw data previously needed, along with the option of acquiring the widefield image. As a result, DNA-PAINT imaging is significantly accelerated, making it more accessible to a wider range of biological researchers.

Keywords: DNA-PAINT; Deep learning; SMLM; Super-resolution imaging; U-Net.