3-Dimentional printing of polysaccharides for water-treatment: A review

Int J Biol Macromol. 2024 Apr;265(Pt 2):131117. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2024.131117. Epub 2024 Mar 22.


Biological polysaccharides such as cellulose, chitin, chitosan, sodium alginate, etc., serve as excellent substrates for 3D printing due to their inherent advantages of biocompatibility, biodegradability, non-toxicity, and absence of secondary pollution. In this review we comprehensively overviewed the principles and processes involved in 3D printing of polysaccharides. We then delved into the diverse application of 3D printed polysaccharides in wastewater treatment, including their roles as adsorbents, photocatalysts, biological carriers, micro-devices, and solar evaporators. Furthermore, we assessed the technical superiority and future potential of polysaccharide 3D prints, envisioning its widespread application. Lastly, we remarked the challenging scientific and engineering aspects that require attention in the scientific research, industrial production, and engineering utilization. By addressing these key points, we aimed to advance the field and facilitate the practical implementation of polysaccharide-based 3D printing technologies in wastewater treatment and beyond.

Keywords: 3D printing; Polysaccharide; Water treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alginates
  • Cellulose*
  • Chitin
  • Polysaccharides*
  • Printing, Three-Dimensional


  • Polysaccharides
  • Cellulose
  • Alginates
  • Chitin