Copper(II) phosphate as a promising catalyst for the degradation of ciprofloxacin via photo-assisted Fenton-like process

Sci Rep. 2024 Mar 25;14(1):7007. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-57542-9.

Abstract

This work aims to unravel the potential of copper(II) phosphate as a new promising heterogenous catalyst for the degradation of ciprofloxacin (CIP) in the presence of H2O2 and/or visible light (λ > 400 nm). For this purpose, copper(II) phosphate was prepared by a facile precipitation method and fully characterized. Of our particular interest was the elucidation of the kinetics of CIP degradation on the surface of this heterogeneous catalyst, identification of the main reactive oxygen species responsible for the oxidative degradation of CIP, and the evaluation of the degradation pathways of this model antibiotic pollutant. It was found that the degradation of the antibiotic proceeded according to the pseudo-first-order kinetics. Copper(II) phosphate exhibited ca. 7 times higher CIP degradation rate in a Fenton-like process than commercial CuO (0.00155 vs. 0.00023 min-1, respectively). Furthermore, the activity of this metal phosphate could be significantly improved upon exposure of the reaction medium to visible light (reaction rate = 0.00445 min-1). In a photo-assisted Fenton-like process, copper(II) phosphate exhibited the highest activity in CIP degradation from among all reference samples used in this study, including CuO, Fe2O3, CeO2 and other metal phosphates. The main active species responsible for the degradation of CIP were hydroxyl radicals.

Keywords: Advanced oxidation processes; Antibiotic degradation; Metal phosphate; Photo-assisted Fenton-like process; Water treatment.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Catalysis
  • Ciprofloxacin*
  • Copper*
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Phosphates

Substances

  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Copper
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Phosphates
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents