Quetiapine improves sensorimotor gating deficit in a sleep deprivation-induced rat model

Sleep Biol Rhythms. 2023 Dec 14;22(2):269-278. doi: 10.1007/s41105-023-00504-x. eCollection 2024 Apr.


Background: Sleep deprivation (SD) impairs pre-stimulus inhibition, but the effect of quetiapine (QET) remains largely unknown.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the behavioral and cognitive effects of QET in both naïve and sleep-deprived rats.

Materials and methods: Seven groups (n = 49) of male Wistar Albino rats were used in this study. SD was performed using the modified multiple platform technique in a water tank for 72 h. Our study consists of two experiments investigating the effect of QET on pre-pulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle reflex. The first experiment tested the effect of short- and long-term administration of QET on PPI response in non-sleeping (NSD) rats. The second experiment used 72 h REM sleep deprivation as a model for SD-induced impairment of the PPI response. Here, we tested the effect of QET on the % PPI of SD rats by short- and long-term intraperitoneal injection at the last 90 min of sleep SD and immediately subsequently tested for PPI.

Results: 72 h SD impaired PPI, reduced startle amplitude, and attenuated the PPI% at + 4 dB, + 8 dB, and + 16 dB prepulse intensities. 10 mg/kg short and long-term QET administration completely improved sensorimotor gating deficit, increased startle amplitude, and restored the impaired PPI% at + 4 dB, + 8 dB, and + 16 dB after 72 h SD in rats.

Conclusion: Our results showed short- and long-term administration of QET improved sensorimotor gating deficit in 72 h SD. Further research is required for the etiology of insomnia and the dose-related behavioral effects of QET.

Keywords: Prepulse inhibition; Psychosis; Quetiapine; Rat; Sensorimotor gating; Sleep deprivation.