Protective effect of dental pulp stem cells' conditioned medium against cisplatin-induced testicular damage in rats

Toxicology. 2024 May:504:153788. doi: 10.1016/j.tox.2024.153788. Epub 2024 Mar 23.


Cisplatin is a highly effective chemotherapy drug used to treat most solid tumors. However, one of its side effects is testicular toxicity, which can lead to fertility abnormalities. This study investigated the effectiveness of dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells conditioned medium (DPSC-CM) on cisplatin-induced testicular toxicity. In this study, 36 eight-week-old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups equally (n = 12). Group 1 control "CTR", which received normal saline (0.5 ml) intraperitoneally (i.p), group 2 "Cis" which received an intraperitoneal dose of cisplatin (7 mg/kg), and group 3 "Cis+CM" which received an i.p injection of DPSC-CM (0.5 mg/kg) after cisplatin injection. Biochemical, histomorphometric, and histopathological studies were performed on the testis. Our results exhibited that cis administration led to a decline in total body weight, testis weight, diameter, and volume. A decrease in testosterone and IL-6 serum levels, as well as a decrease in IL-6 and TNFα levels, the activity of catalase and SOD enzymes, and an increase in MDA in testicular tissue were detected. Testicular tissue damage was associated with a significant decrease in tube diameter, germinal epithelium height, number of spermatogonia and Sertoli cells, along with a noticeable increase in basement membrane thickness, and perivascular fibrosis. DMSC-CM improved all the mentioned parameters. Taken together, our results demonstrated that DMSC-CM due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, could be effective in reversing cisplatin-induced testicular toxicity.

Keywords: Cisplatin; Condition medium; Dental pulp; Mesenchymal stem cell; Testis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / toxicity
  • Cisplatin* / toxicity
  • Culture Media, Conditioned / pharmacology
  • Dental Pulp* / cytology
  • Dental Pulp* / drug effects
  • Male
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / drug effects
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar*
  • Testis* / drug effects
  • Testis* / metabolism
  • Testis* / pathology
  • Testosterone / blood


  • Cisplatin
  • Culture Media, Conditioned
  • Testosterone
  • Antineoplastic Agents