New polycyclic tetramate macrolactams with antimycobacterial activity produced by marine-derived Streptomyces sp. KKMA-0239

J Antibiot (Tokyo). 2024 Mar 26. doi: 10.1038/s41429-024-00710-w. Online ahead of print.


During our screening for anti-mycobacterial agents against Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), two new polycyclic tetramate macrolactams (PTMs), named hydroxycapsimycin (1) and brokamycin (2), were isolated along with the known PTM, ikarugamycin (3), from the culture broth of marine-derived Streptomyces sp. KKMA-0239. The relative structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated by spectroscopic data analyses, including 1D and 2D NMR. Furthermore, the absolute configuration of 1 was confirmed by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compounds 2 and 3 exhibited moderate antimycobacterial activities against MAC, including clinically isolated drug-resistant M. avium.