Evaluation of Laparoscopic Colorectal Resection Among Elderly Individuals With Colorectal Malignancy: A Single-center Retrospective Analysis

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2024 Jun 1;34(3):281-289. doi: 10.1097/SLE.0000000000001281.

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the current study was to statistically clarify the precise risk age in elderly patients undergoing colorectal surgery and to evaluate the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic colorectal resection in these patients.

Methods: Patients' clinical variables were extracted from the database of the Gastrointestinal Surgery Centre, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, from 2015 to 2019. Logistic regression was conducted to identify independent risk factors of postoperative complications and ORs for each age. Curves of odds ratios (ORs) and CIs for each age were fitted by using a locally weighted scatterplot smoother, and a structural breakpoint was determined by the Chow test to identify a precise cutoff risk age for elderly patients. Comparison and subgroup analysis were conducted between surgical approach groups using the Student t test and χ 2 analysis.

Results: Locally weighted scatterplot smoother OR analysis manifested that patients aged 69 years old or older suffered a higher possibility of postoperative complications and should be defined as high-risk age. Comparison according to the high-risk age revealed laparoscopic colorectal surgery is better than laparotomic surgery for elderly individuals in terms of hospital stay (9.46 ± 5.96 vs 15.01 ± 6.34, P < 0.05), the incidence of intensive care unit transfer (4 vs 20, P < 0.05), and incidence of surgical site infection (15 vs 20, P < 0.05). Patients who underwent laparotomic surgery had a greater prevalence of Clavien-Dindo II/III complications ( P < 0.05). These findings remained stable even after propensity matching. Furthermore, such superiority was proved especially significant for patients who underwent left-side colorectal resection. In addition, overall survival was improved in the laparoscopic surgery group, whereas no differences were observed in disease-free survival.

Conclusion: In our study population, age 69 or older was a cutoff point age suggests a higher possibility of postoperative morbidity after colorectal surgery. Laparoscopic colorectal resection should be regarded as a superior therapeutic choice for these elderly individuals, especially for left-side colorectal surgeries.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Colectomy / methods
  • Colorectal Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy* / adverse effects
  • Laparoscopy* / methods
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications* / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications* / etiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome