Low-Salt Diet Regulates the Metabolic and Signal Transduction Genomic Fabrics, and Remodels the Cardiac Normal and Chronic Pathological Pathways

Curr Issues Mol Biol. 2024 Mar 12;46(3):2355-2385. doi: 10.3390/cimb46030150.


Low-salt diet (LSD) is a constant recommendation to hypertensive patients, but the genomic mechanisms through which it improves cardiac pathophysiology are still not fully understood. Our publicly accessible transcriptomic dataset of the left ventricle myocardium of adult male mice subjected to prolonged LSD or normal diet was analyzed from the perspective of the Genomic Fabric Paradigm. We found that LSD shifted the metabolic priorities by increasing the transcription control for fatty acids biosynthesis while decreasing it for steroid hormone biosynthesis. Moreover, LSD remodeled pathways responsible for cardiac muscle contraction (CMC), chronic Chagas (CHA), diabetic (DIA), dilated (DIL), and hypertrophic (HCM) cardiomyopathies, and their interplays with the glycolysis/glucogenesis (GLY), oxidative phosphorylation (OXP), and adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes (ASC). For instance, the statistically (p < 0.05) significant coupling between GLY and ASC was reduced by LSD from 13.82% to 2.91% (i.e., -4.75×), and that of ASC with HCM from 10.50% to 2.83% (-3.71×). The substantial up-regulation of the CMC, ASC, and OXP genes, and the significant weakening of the synchronization of the expression of the HCM, CHA, DIA, and DIL genes within their respective fabrics justify the benefits of the LSD recommendation.

Keywords: Chagas disease; adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes; cardiac muscle contraction; diabetic cardiomyopathy; dilated cardiomyopathy; glycerolipid metabolism; glycolysis/glucogenesis; hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; purine metabolism; steroid hormone biosynthesis.

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.