Comparative differences in maintaining membrane fluidity and remodeling cell wall between Glycine soja and Glycine max leaves under drought

Plant Physiol Biochem. 2024 Apr:209:108545. doi: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2024.108545. Epub 2024 Mar 19.


Water shortage is one of the most important environmental factors limiting crop yield. In this study, we used wild soybean (Glycine soja Sieb. et Zucc.) and soybean (Glycinemax (L.) Merr.) seedlings as experimental materials, simulated drought stress using soil gravimetry, measured growth and physiological parameters, and analyzed differentially expressed genes and metabolites in the leaves of seedling by integrated transcriptomics and metabolomics techniques. The results indicate that under water deficit, Glycine soja maintained stable photosynthate by accumulating Mg2+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Zn2+ and B3+, and improved water absorption by increasing root growth. Notably, Glycine soja enhanced linoleic acid metabolism and plasma membrane intrinsic protein (PIP1) gene expression to maintain membrane fluidity, and increased pentose, glucuronate and galactose metabolism and thaumatin protein genes expression to remodel the cell wall, thereby increasing water-absorption to better tolerate to drought stress. In addition, it was found that secondary phenolic metabolism, such as phenylpropane biosynthesis, flavonoid biosynthesis and ascobate and aldarate metabolism were weakened, resulting in the collapse of the antioxidant system, which was the main reason for the sensitivity of Glycine max to drought stress. These results provide new insights into plant adaptation to water deficit and offer a theoretical basis for breeding soybean varieties with drought tolerance.

Keywords: Cell wall; Glycine max; Glycine soja; Integrated omics; Membrane; Water deficit.

MeSH terms

  • Droughts
  • Fabaceae*
  • Glycine
  • Glycine max* / genetics
  • Membrane Fluidity
  • Plant Breeding
  • Seedlings
  • Water


  • Water
  • Glycine