A Phase II randomized controlled trial evaluated antithrombotic treatment with fesomersen in patients with kidney failure on hemodialysis

Kidney Int. 2024 Mar 26:S0085-2538(24)00196-0. doi: 10.1016/j.kint.2024.02.024. Online ahead of print.


Patients with kidney failure on hemodialysis (KF-HD) are at high risk for both atherothrombotic events and bleeding. This Phase IIb study evaluated the dose-response of fesomersen, an inhibitor of hepatic Factor XI expression, versus placebo, for bleeding and atherothrombosis in patients with KF-HD. Patients were randomized to receive fesomersen 40, 80, or 120 mg once-monthly, or matching placebo, for up to 12 months. The primary safety endpoint was a composite of major bleeding and clinically relevant non-major bleeding (MB/CRNMB). Exploratory endpoints included post-dialysis arterio-venous (AV)-access bleeding, major atherothrombotic events (composite of fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, acute limb ischemia/major amputation, systemic embolism, symptomatic venous thromboembolism), AV-access thrombosis, and clotting of the hemodialysis circuit. Of 308 participants randomized, 307 received study treatment and were analyzed. Fesomersen led to a dose-dependent and sustained reduction of steady-state median FXI levels by 53.6% (40 mg group), 71.3% (80 mg group), 86.0% (120 mg group), versus 1.9% in the placebo group. MB/CRNMB events occurred in 6.5% (40 mg group), 5.1% (80 mg group), 3.9% (120 mg group), and in 4.0% of those receiving placebo (pooled fesomersen versus placebo P = 0.78). Major atherothrombotic events occurred in 1 patient (1.3%) in each treatment arm. MB/CRNMB bleeding and post-dialysis AV-access bleeding were not related to predicted FXI levels. Lower predicted FXI levels were associated with reductions in hemodialysis circuit clotting (P = 0.002) and AV-access thrombosis (P = 0.014). In patients with KF-HD, fesomersen produced a dose-dependent reduction in FXI levels associated with similar rates of major bleeding compared with placebo. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; unique identifier: NCT04534114.

Keywords: end-stage kidney disease; fesomersen; hemodialysis; randomized trial.

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT04534114