The Influence of Lipid Electric Charge on the Binding of Aβ(1-42) Amyloid Peptide to Bilayers in the Liquid-Ordered State

Biomolecules. 2024 Mar 1;14(3):298. doi: 10.3390/biom14030298.

Abstract

The amyloidogenic Aβ peptides are widely considered as a pathogenic agent in Alzheimer's disease. Aβ(1-42) would form aggregates of amyloid fibrils on the neuron plasma membranes, thus perturbing neuronal functionality. Conflicting data are available on the influence of bilayer order on Aβ(1-42) binding to membranes. In the present study, a biophysical approach was used in which isothermal calorimetry and surface pressure measurements were applied to explore the interaction of Aβ(1-42) in either monomeric, oligomeric, or fibrillar form with model membranes (bilayers or monolayers) in the liquid-ordered state that were either electrically neutral or negatively charged. In the latter case, this contained phosphatidic acid, cardiolipin, or ganglioside. The calorimetric studies showed that Aβ(1-42) fibrils, oligomers, and monomers could bind and/or be inserted into bilayers, irrespective of electric charge, in the liquid-ordered state, except that monomers could not interact with electrically neutral bilayers. The monolayer studies in the Langmuir balance demonstrated that Aβ(1-42) aggregation hindered peptide insertion into the monolayer, hindered insertion in the decreasing order of monomer > oligomer > fibril, and that lipid composition did not cause large differences in insertion, apart from a slight facilitation of monomer and oligomer insertion by gangliosides.

Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; Aβ membrane binding; Aβ42; Langmuir balance; cholesterol; ganglioside; isothermal calorimetry; sphingomyelin; β-amyloid.

MeSH terms

  • Alzheimer Disease* / metabolism
  • Amyloid / chemistry
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides* / metabolism
  • Gangliosides
  • Humans
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism

Substances

  • amyloid beta-protein (1-42)
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides
  • Amyloid
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Gangliosides