Computer-aided medical diagnosis: literature review

Int J Biomed Comput. 1979 Aug;10(4):267-89. doi: 10.1016/0020-7101(79)90001-1.


The difficulty of the medical diagnostic task and the advantages of the computer as an aid in this task are discussed. The general strategy and structure of any computer-aided system is presented, and the relationship of diagnostic accuracy to key variables involved in the development, test and use of a computer-aided diagnostic system is examined. These variables include: the computer algorithm, the source of the information used to develop the data base, the number and type of diseases under investigation, the number and type of indicants used, the source of the test sample, and the source of the validated diagnosis. A table of 58 empirically tested computer-aided medical diagnostic systems is presented; each system is summarised in relation to the variables mentioned above and diagnostic accuracy.

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Laboratory Techniques
  • Computers
  • Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted*
  • Disease / classification
  • Humans
  • Medical History Taking
  • Physical Examination
  • Problem Solving
  • Statistics as Topic