Comorbidity Burden and Health Care Utilization by Substance use Disorder Patterns among People with HIV in Florida

AIDS Behav. 2024 Jul;28(7):2286-2295. doi: 10.1007/s10461-024-04325-y. Epub 2024 Mar 29.


Substance use disorder (SUD), a common comorbidity among people with HIV (PWH), adversely affects HIV clinical outcomes and HIV-related comorbidities. However, less is known about the incidence of different chronic conditions, changes in overall comorbidity burden, and health care utilization by SUD status and patterns among PWH in Florida, an area disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic. We used electronic health records (EHR) from a large southeastern US consortium, the OneFlorida + clinical research data network. We identified a cohort of PWH with 3 + years of EHRs after the first visit with HIV diagnosis. International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes were used to identify SUD and comorbidity conditions listed in the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI). A total of 42,271 PWH were included (mean age 44.5, 52% Black, 45% female). The prevalence SUD among PWH was 45.1%. Having a SUD diagnosis among PWH was associated with a higher incidence for most of the conditions listed on the CCI and faster increase in CCI score overtime (rate ratio = 1.45, 95%CI 1.42, 1.49). SUD in PWH was associated with a higher mean number of any care visits (21.7 vs. 14.8) and more frequent emergency department (ED, 3.5 vs. 2.0) and inpatient (8.5 vs. 24.5) visits compared to those without SUD. SUD among PWH was associated with a higher comorbidity burden and more frequent ED and inpatient visits than PWH without a diagnosis of SUD. The high SUD prevalence and comorbidity burden call for improved SUD screening, treatment, and integrated care among PWH.

Keywords: Comorbidity; Electronic health records; HIV; Healthcare utilization; Substance use disorder.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Comorbidity*
  • Cost of Illness
  • Electronic Health Records
  • Female
  • Florida / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections* / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care* / statistics & numerical data
  • Prevalence
  • Substance-Related Disorders* / epidemiology