RBM3 Ameliorates Acute Brain Injury-induced Inflammation and Oxidative Stress by Stabilizing GAS6 mRNA Through Nrf2 Signaling Pathway

Neuroscience. 2024 Mar 29:547:74-87. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2024.03.028. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

RNA-binding motif protein 3 (RBM3), as a cold-inducible protein, exhibits neuroprotective function in brain disorders. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of RBM3 on acute brain injury (ABI) and its underlying mechanism. The cerebral injury (CI) rat model and oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) cell model were established. The neurological severity score, wire-grip score, morris water maze test, and Y-maze test were used to detect the neurological damage, vestibular motor, learning, and memory functions. Cerebral injury, apoptosis, oxidative stress, and inflammatory level were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin and TUNEL staining and specific kits. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the apoptosis rate. The relationship between RBM3 and growth arrest specific (GAS) 6 was analyzed by RNA immunoprecipitation assay. The results indicated that RBM3 recovered of neurological function and behaviour impairment of CI rats. Additionally, RBM3 reversed the increased oxidative stress, inflammatory level, and apoptosis induced by CI and OGD. RBM3 interacted with GAS6 to activate the Nrf2 signaling pathway, thus playing neuroprotection on ABI. Besides, the results of RBM3 treatment were similar to those of mild hypothermia treatment. In summary, RBM3 exerted neuroprotection and ameliorated inflammatory levels and oxidative stress by stabilizing GAS6 mRNA through the Nrf2 signaling pathway, suggesting that RBM3 might be a potential therapeutic candidate for treating ABI.

Keywords: GAS6; Nrf2; RBM3; acute brain injury; inflammation; oxidative stress.