CD276-dependent efferocytosis by tumor-associated macrophages promotes immune evasion in bladder cancer

Nat Commun. 2024 Apr 1;15(1):2818. doi: 10.1038/s41467-024-46735-5.


Interplay between innate and adaptive immune cells is important for the antitumor immune response. However, the tumor microenvironment may turn immune suppressive, and tumor associated macrophages are playing a role in this transition. Here, we show that CD276, expressed on tumor-associated macrophages (TAM), play a role in diminishing the immune response against tumors. Using a model of tumors induced by N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine in BLCA male mice we show that genetic ablation of CD276 in TAMs blocks efferocytosis and enhances the expression of the major histocompatibility complex class II (MHCII) of TAMs. This in turn increases CD4 + and cytotoxic CD8 + T cell infiltration of the tumor. Combined single cell RNA sequencing and functional experiments reveal that CD276 activates the lysosomal signaling pathway and the transcription factor JUN to regulate the expression of AXL and MerTK, resulting in enhanced efferocytosis in TAMs. Proving the principle, we show that simultaneous blockade of CD276 and PD-1 restrain tumor growth better than any of the components as a single intervention. Taken together, our study supports a role for CD276 in efferocytosis by TAMs, which is potentially targetable for combination immune therapy.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Efferocytosis
  • Immune Evasion
  • Macrophages / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Tumor Microenvironment
  • Tumor-Associated Macrophages*
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms* / metabolism


  • Transcription Factors
  • Cd276 protein, mouse