Infection Prevention and Control in Correctional Settings

Emerg Infect Dis. 2024 Apr;30(13):S88-S93. doi: 10.3201/eid3013.230705.


Correctional facilities house millions of residents in communities throughout the United States. Such congregate settings are critical for national infection prevention and control (IPC) efforts. Carceral settings can be sites where infectious diseases are detected in patient populations who may not otherwise have access to health care services, and as highlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic, where outbreaks of infectious diseases may result in spread to residents, correctional staff, and the community at large. Correctional IPC, while sharing commonalities with IPC in other settings, is unique programmatically and operationally. In this article, we identify common challenges with correctional IPC program implementation and recommend action steps for advancing correctional IPC as a national public health priority.

Keywords: United States; carceral; correctional; detention; infection prevention and control; jail; prison.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19* / epidemiology
  • COVID-19* / prevention & control
  • Communicable Diseases*
  • Humans
  • Infection Control
  • Pandemics / prevention & control
  • Prisons
  • United States / epidemiology