Isolation and characterization of a mutant Chinese hamster cell line resistant to the glutamine analog 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine

Somat Cell Mol Genet. 1985 Jan;11(1):1-10. doi: 10.1007/BF01534729.


A mutant cell line, called don801, was isolated from a wild-type population of V79.5 Chinese hamster cells by its ability to grow in the presence of the glutamine analog 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine (DON), which is toxic for V79.5 cells. The don801 cells were found not to be cross-resistant to another glutamine analog, O-diazoacetyl-L-serine (azaserine, AS). It was shown that guanine but neither hypoxanthine nor adenine protected V79.5 cells from the toxic effects of DON, while hypoxanthine and adenine, but not guanine protected them against AS toxicity. Exposure of wild-type cells to DON was shown to result in a specific reduction of intracellular GTP pools, while in the mutant cells there was no effect on GTP levels. These results strongly suggested that DON was specifically inhibiting guanylate synthetase (GMP synthetase;xanthosine-5'-phosphate: L-glutamine amidoligase, EC in V79.5 cells and that the enzyme in don801 cells was resistant to inhibition. In vitro assays of GMP synthetase activities from V79.5 and don801 cells confirmed this hypothesis. The mutant phenotype was also found to be dominant in intraspecific cell hybrids.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Azaserine / pharmacology
  • Azo Compounds / pharmacology*
  • Carbon-Nitrogen Ligases
  • Carbon-Nitrogen Ligases with Glutamine as Amide-N-Donor*
  • Cell Line
  • Cricetinae
  • Cricetulus
  • Diazooxonorleucine / pharmacology*
  • Drug Resistance
  • Glutamine / analogs & derivatives
  • Glutamine / pharmacology
  • Ligases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Nucleosides / pharmacology
  • Phenotype
  • Ribonucleotides / metabolism


  • Azo Compounds
  • Nucleosides
  • Ribonucleotides
  • Diazooxonorleucine
  • Glutamine
  • Azaserine
  • Ligases
  • Carbon-Nitrogen Ligases
  • Carbon-Nitrogen Ligases with Glutamine as Amide-N-Donor
  • GMP synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing)