Delineating mechanisms underlying parvalbumin neuron impairment in different neurological and neurodegenerative disorders: the emerging role of mitochondrial dysfunction

Biochem Soc Trans. 2024 Apr 24;52(2):553-565. doi: 10.1042/BST20230191.


Given the current paucity of effective treatments in many neurological disorders, delineating pathophysiological mechanisms among the major psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases may fuel the development of novel, potent treatments that target shared pathways. Recent evidence suggests that various pathological processes, including bioenergetic failure in mitochondria, can perturb the function of fast-spiking, parvalbumin-positive neurons (PV+). These inhibitory neurons critically influence local circuit regulation, the generation of neuronal network oscillations and complex brain functioning. Here, we survey PV+ cell vulnerability in the major neuropsychiatric, and neurodegenerative diseases and review associated cellular and molecular pathophysiological alterations purported to underlie disease aetiology.

Keywords: interneurons; mitochondrial dysfunction; molecular mechanisms; neurodegeneration; oscillations; parvalbumin.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Mitochondria* / metabolism
  • Nervous System Diseases / metabolism
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases* / metabolism
  • Neurons* / metabolism
  • Parvalbumins* / metabolism


  • Parvalbumins