Treatment of Hypoparathyroidism by Re-Establishing the Effects of Parathyroid Hormone

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul). 2024 Apr;39(2):262-266. doi: 10.3803/EnM.2024.1916. Epub 2024 Apr 4.


The conventional treatment of hypoparathyroidism (HypoPT) includes active vitamin D and calcium. Despite normalization of calcium levels, the conventional treatment is associated with fluctuations in calcium levels, hypercalciuria, renal impairment, and decreased quality of life (QoL). Replacement therapy with parathyroid hormone (PTH)(1-84) is an option in some countries. However, convincing beneficial effects have not been demonstrated, which may be due to the short duration of action of this treatment. Recently, palopegteriparatide (also known as TransCon PTH) has been marketed in Europe and is expected also to be approved in other countries. Palopegteriparatide is a prodrug with sustained release of PTH(1-34) designed to provide stable physiological PTH levels for 24 hours/day. A phase 3 study demonstrated maintenance of normocalcemia in patients with chronic HypoPT, with no need for conventional therapy. Furthermore, this treatment lowers urinary calcium and improves QoL. Another long-acting PTH analog with effects on the parathyroid hormone receptor (eneboparatide) is currently being tested in a phase 3 trial. Furthermore, the treatment of autosomal dominant hypocalcemia type 1 with a calcilytic (encaleret) is also being tested. All in all, improved treatment options are on the way that will likely take the treatment of HypoPT to the next level.

Keywords: Hypocalcemia; Hypoparathyroidism; Parathyroid hormone; Therapeutics.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy / methods
  • Humans
  • Hypoparathyroidism* / drug therapy
  • Parathyroid Hormone* / therapeutic use
  • Quality of Life


  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Calcium