Association of the Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System with Hypertension in the Uzbek Population

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2024 Apr;52(3):182-188. doi: 10.5543/tkda.2023.67866.

Abstract

Objective: This research aims to identify the association between the nine polymorphic variants (rs4961, rs699, rs4762, rs5186, rs1403543, rs1799998, rs5443, rs2070744, rs1799983) and the occurrence of hypertension and its clinical manifestations in the Uzbek population.

Methods: The study included 227 individuals, comprising 179 patients with hypertension and 48 controls. Clinical parameters such as age, weight, blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, pulse wave velocity, left ventricular mass, and microalbuminuria levels were identified. We assessed the distribution of allele frequencies of these polymorphic variants in the Uzbek population to establish their association with cardiovascular diseases and their clinical manifestations.

Results: Genetic analysis of the polymorphic variants demonstrated a significant association of the AGT 521 C>T variant with arterial hypertension [P ≤ 0.01; Odds Ratio (OR) = 2.91]. The NOS3 -786 T>C variant correlated with left ventricular hypertrophy (P ≤ 0.05; OR = 0.35) and increased pulse wave velocity (P ≤ 0.01; OR = 0.21). The correlations of the AGTR2 1675 G>A variant with left ventricular hypertrophy (P ≤ 0.01; OR = 1.59) and increased pulse wave velocity (P ≤ 0.01; OR = 0.33) were identified. The AGT 704 T>C variant showed a significant association with increased pulse wave velocity (P ≤ 0.05; OR = 2.73).

Conclusion: Four of the nine studied polymorphic variants were associated with clinical manifestations of hypertension in the Uzbek population. These variants can be used as genetic biomarkers to identify the risks of developing cardiovascular diseases and hypertension in the Uzbek population.

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension* / epidemiology
  • Hypertension* / genetics
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Pulse Wave Analysis
  • Renin-Angiotensin System