GPX4, ferroptosis, and diseases

Biomed Pharmacother. 2024 May:174:116512. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2024.116512. Epub 2024 Apr 3.


GPX4 (Glutathione peroxidase 4) serves as a crucial intracellular regulatory factor, participating in various physiological processes and playing a significant role in maintaining the redox homeostasis within the body. Ferroptosis, a form of iron-dependent non-apoptotic cell death, has gained considerable attention in recent years due to its involvement in multiple pathological processes. GPX4 is closely associated with ferroptosis and functions as the primary inhibitor of this process. Together, GPX4 and ferroptosis contribute to the pathophysiology of several diseases, including sepsis, nervous system diseases, ischemia reperfusion injury, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. This review comprehensively explores the regulatory roles and impacts of GPX4 and ferroptosis in the development and progression of these diseases, with the aim of providing insights for identifying potential therapeutic strategies in the future.

Keywords: Cancer; Cardiovascular diseases; Ferroptosis; GPX4; Ischemia reperfusion injury; Nervous system diseases; Sepsis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Ferroptosis*
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Neoplasms / pathology
  • Pathology
  • Phospholipid Hydroperoxide Glutathione Peroxidase* / metabolism


  • Phospholipid Hydroperoxide Glutathione Peroxidase
  • GPX4 protein, human